Ali H. M. Afdhal joined the board of directors of Aly Operating in October 2012. He served as our non-executive Vice Chairman of the Board until December 2016. Currently, Mr. Afdhal serves as a Director Emeritus. Since 2001, he has operated and managed his family's international property portfolio and agricultural interests. He also served as a director of Allis-Chalmers from 2006 to 2009. Mr. Afdhal is a graduate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales.